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Internet Addiction among Adolescents in Malaysia: The Prevalence and its Association with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Symptoms

Date: 4 November 2016

MJP Online Code: MJP-01-02-16

Section: Original Paper

Authors: Mohd Isa S, Hashim AH, Kaur M, Ng CG

Institution: Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya, Malaysia

Keywords: Internet, Addiction, Attention, Deficit, Hyperactivity

Abstract: Objective: As Internet use becomes ubiquitous among adolescents, Internet addiction turns out to be as a potential problem in adolescents. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the prevalence of internet addiction and its associated factors among the adolescents in Malaysia. Methods: The association between internet addiction and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms was also examined in this cross-sectional study, which was conducted at four secondary schools in Malaysia. In this study, Malaysian Version of Internet Addiction Test (MVIAT), Conners-Wells Adolescent Self-report: Short Form (CASS:S), The Conners Teachers Rating Scale: Short Form (CTRS:S) and The Conners’ Parents Rating Scale: Short For (CPRS: S) were used. Results: The results demonstrated 28.6% of the subjects were addicted to the internet and there was a positive association with ADHD symptoms. Male gender, early age of first internet use, longer total time of internet use are associated with internet addiction problem among the adolescents. Internet addiction has become highly prevalent among the adolescent in Malaysia. Conclusions: It is important to provide support for this group of adolescent with internet use problem. Measure to prevent the worsening of the situation and future research on the causal factors of internet addiction such as ADHD is needed.

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